Posted in Uncategorized

Major Comeback

The inner most in me has been pushing myself to awaken the sleeping writer in me. Hence, since my schedule is not as hectic as last year, I have been thinking of sharing my thoughts again through writing.

I have been inactive in writing because the demand I get from my work and my graduate school is so high that I could no longer do other things. Luckily, I am almost done with my graduate school and my Saturdays are definitely free from going to and fro my university.

2016 marks my year of travelling. Despite my very hectic work and graduate studies schedule, I was able to snatch some time to release the stress that enveloped my being. Teaching and studying at the same time is no joke! But I am very proud to say that I am still standing alive! Thanks to travelling because it helped me survive from drowning in the abyss of stress.

Now, I am excited to be writing a lot about my travels– where I went and I manage to travel despite my meager salary– and a lot more!

Here’s a photo of me from one of my #WandefulFeet adventures.

Please leave a comment. I wanna know what you want me to write about.

Posted in hunger games

Home by Midway

It feels home to be at Home!

My colleagues and I had dinner at Home by Midway and I definitely commend their place, food, and service.

Seeing the mailbox and the swing outside, the mere facade of the restaurant would instantly attract and give you the feeling of being at home and upon entering, the interior design adds up to a home-like ambiance. The inside of the resto is, I believe, an American home design. It has a mural of a big tree and some quotations on the walls. There are also books displayed on the walls. I tried to borrow one and it was okay as long as you return the books properly. Of course, I also ‘invaded’ the toilet and was glad and impressed! It is clean and neat. You can actually lie on the floor! As an avid reader, it gave me a happy feeling seeing a small magazine shelf on the floor. Yes! You can actually read in the toilet.









My eyes were already satisfied with the looks of Home by Midway. The next and the most important thing to be satisfied was my famished stomach.

I ordered a large sized grilled tilapia with for my dinner. The fish was fresh. It didn’t smell stinky nor leave an awful after taste. Home by Midway serves only fresh and healthy dishes and to name some are the Tuna Wrap, Alogbati pasta, and Grilled Tilapia. To complete the set of my order, I ordered Blueberry Cheesecake at Php110 and a scoop of Homemade Papaya Ice Cream at Php20. I could’t get enough of these sweets, so every time I visit the resto, these two are always included in my order. Believe me they are more than just delicious!

Homemade Papaya Ice Cream
Blueberry Cheesecake
Fresh Grilled Tilapia

To complete my menu of satisfaction, the service of the staff is also something to give a thumbs up and five stars. They are very accommodating, approachable, and fast whenever you ask something from them. I always believe that aside from offering sumptuous meals, the waiters’ service also gives an impression to the customers. The waiters always have a smiling face whenever they accommodate the customers. With this gesture, it simply shows and expresses Filipino’s distinct characteristic– hospitable.



However, the restaurant doesn’t offer free internet. That means they do not have wifi because the management values good conversation, so put aside your smartphones, tablets, and laptops and chitchat with your family and friends.

What else are you waiting for? Visit Home by Midway. It is located in Delgado Street Iloilo City. It is beside Quix Mart and Imperial Appliance or it is across from SM Delgado Supermarket.

Bon appetit!


Follow me on Instagram & Twitter: @mytchterious

Posted in education

West Visayas State University Application for Entrance Exam

It has been a month since second semester started and students, especially high school students, are still enjoying their high school life. However, not all students are fixating in this euphoric state. There are some who are anxious about their future and worry as to what course and university they are going to choose.

I, myself, did not even know which to choose before. I just went with the flow and followed my magical feet, but I had one thing in mind that I was very sure of– which university I was going to spend my four year college life. I chose West Visayas State University (WVSU) or more often it is called West.

West Visayas State University is one of the top universities in the Philippines in Education, Nursing and Medicine. It has created a lot of individuals who triumphantly wave their banners across the globe. That’s why every year, the university has two batches of entrance examinations to cater thousands of hopeful seniors in high school.

Two days ago, the Facebook account of WVSU announced that the application for entrance is still on going  although application forms have been available since November. However, the deadline of submission for applications is on the 13th.

Now, if you are wondering what requirements are needed for application, don’t worry I am here to help and guide you.

For students who are far from La Paz, Iloilo City which the main campus is located, it is more convenient that you have all the things needed for filing to save time, money and effort.

Although you can also send your application thru mail, I would still suggest to accomplish it personally so you can ask the questions that bother you and look for the testing room you are assigned.


1. Application form (Click the URL and look for the Downloads column on the left side)

2. 2×2 picture

3. For applicants who personally submit the form,  1 self-addressed stamped long white envelope. Mailed application form must be accompanied with 2 self-addressed stamped envelopes with postage stamp each.

(stamps are  available at the WVSU Post Office located near the main gate at Php 24 each)

4. Php 250 (200 testing fee, 20 filing fee)

5. Duly accomplished application form must be passed together with:

  • PHOTOCOPY of high school report card duly certified or authenticated by the Principal/Registrar (for applicants who have graduated) or a photocopy of the LATEST grading -period report card or certification from the Principal/Registrar that the student i graduating in March 2015.
  • PHOTOCOPY of the applicant’s birth certificate

If all the requirements are ready, submit them to the Registrar’s Office at the Administration Building (Go straight when you enter the main gate and look for the colored maroon building).

After you passed the documents, you will be given your schedule (based on my experience since there were morning and afternoon examinations) and you room assignment. I suggest you look for the building and your assigned room after you accomplished your application to avoid cramming and getting lost on the day of the examination.

The WVSU  second batch of entrance examination will be administered on December 21, 2014 (Sunday from 8 AM to 10 AM, WVSU Main Campus, La Paz, Iloilo City).

Note: Be early on the day of the examination. The exam has 5 parts: English, Mathematics, Filipino, Science and General Information. You are only given 2 hours to answer everything, so be time conscious. Do not linger on one question. If you don’t know the answer, leave it and go to the next question. Just go back to it if you are done answering the easy ones. Bring food and water if you want.

May the odds be in your favor soon to be Taga West!


Posted in papers

Concepts & Word Meaning In Relevance Theory

Concepts & Word Meaning In Relevance Theory

meaning of a word = concept (A psychological object consisting of a label or address, which performs 2 different complementary functions)

  • It may appear as a constituent of a logical form
  • It appears as an address in memory, a heading under which different types of information can be stored and retrieved

Different entries of concepts

  • logical entryConsists of a set of deductive rules which apply to logical forms of which that concept is a constituent

    Provides access to logical information, understood as licensing inferences which will follow from propositions containing that concept.

    Information is computational

  • encyclopaedic entryInformation about the extension and/or denotation of the conceptProvides access to information about objects, events or properties which will fall under the concept, which comes from background knowledge and an individual’s own experience of the world

    Information is representational

  • lexical entryContains information about the natural language counterpart of the concept: the word or phrase of natural language which expresses it… information about its syntactic category membership and co-occurrence possibilities, phonological structure and so onProvides access to linguistic information about the word

    e.g. word class & pronunciation

    3 different possible views of what constitutes the content of concepts:

  1. The logical and encyclopaedic entries of a concept constitutes the content of a concept.
  2. Conceptual addresses are simple, unanalyzable concepts whose entries do not constitute their content.
  3. The logical entry of a concept constitutes the content of that concept, while the information in the encyclopaedic entry does not contribute to the content of the concepts. The role of the encyclopaedic entry is to contribute to the context in which an utterance encoding the concept is interpreted.
Posted in Flow of thoughts

Pilosopiya sang Linggwahe

Samtang nagadalum ang kagab-ihun,
Mga estudyante nagabirada sang pagtuluon.
Wala untat nga mga balasahun,
Asta makalambot sa kaagahun.

Kape ang permi ginatagay,
para mga mata indi magpahuway.
Sa kada panid nga mabasa,
Kape nga mainum isa man ka tasa.

Kabuhi sang mga maestra nga nagaeskwela,
indi basta- basta.
Labi na gid kung sa isa ka buluthuan
Nga sikat diri sa kanluran kag Perlas sang Silanganan.

Apang ang ila nga pag-antos,
gamay lamang sa isa ka gatos.
Kung sila makatapos,
Linibo man ang balos.


Posted in papers


In everyday conversation, we usually assume that the people whom we talk to (labeled as hearers) can comprehend our intention and that if the hearers understand it, we conclude that the communication is successful.

Meaning, as everyone knows, can be expressed through language, but it is not easy for us to define meaning since it has several dimensions. In addition, sometimes our utterance is just the façade of our intention, so as hearers, we must be sensitive with the semantic meaning and the speaker’s meaning or intention. How do we distinguish the semantic meaning from the speaker’s meaning?

To understand the semantic meaning, you have to combine the context (in which the sentence is used), the meanings of the words in the sentence and the morphological and syntactic structure. Whereas the speaker’s meaning is what the speaker intends to communicate, and this goes beyond the literal and semantic meaning of what is said.

To visualize the two kinds of meaning, here is a diagram:

                          semantic-pragmatic interpretation diagram

Semantics focuses on the links between the lexicon and the grammar and semantic meaning and pragmatics focuses on the relationship between context of use and both semantic and speaker’s meaning.

Thus, semantic-pragmatic interpretation of language plays a vital role in creating meaning and in making sense of what is said. As speakers, they have an intention to communicate beyond what they directly express; they use pragmatic principles; and anticipate the hearer to use the same principles (or to identify ostensive violation of such principles). While as hearers they are expected to infer speaker’s meaning; examine pragmatic principles; identify ostensive violation; and perform contextual adjustment.

            Not all aspects of meaning can be explained by its compositional perspective (i,e, lexicon and grammar), rather the view of meaning has focused on the intentions of language users. As speakers, we intend to communicate beyond what we directly express. That is, our utterance has an ‘extra layer’ of meaning which we leave our hearers the responsibility to infer what that ‘extra layer’ of meaning is. For example,

  • A: It is raining.

When the hearer (B) heared (1), A intends B to believe the fact that it is raining. However, A has this ‘extra layer’ of meaning that he wants to convey. That is it could either be (a) B should not go out and go somewhere or (b) B should bring his umbrella when he goes out. If B understands this ‘extra layer’ of meaning, he will perform a certain perlocutionary act (such as taking an umbrella with him when he goes out).

However, not all hearers take a hold of this ‘extra layer’ of meaning because they just understood the semantic meaning of the utterance. So as speakers, we should maximize an ostensive stimulus to attract the attention of the audience and to focus it on the communicator’s meaning. Consequently, the hearer, after hearing the speaker’s utterance and uses such ostensive stimulus, can infer and understand the speakers intention in communicating his utterance.

As hearers, it is their task to observe pragmatic principles used by the speakers. These pragmatic principles include the cooperative principle which states that speaker’s meaning can be calculated on the basis of semantic meaning and the assumption that speakers are behaving rationally and cooperatively (Fasold & Connor-Linton,2006) and this general principle is divided into four conversational maxims: quality, quantity, relevance and manner. These maxims are assumptions which hearers utilize to try to make sense of what people say. For instance,

(2) John and Jane have three children: James, Diane and Mary.

John: Who attended the party?

Jane: James and Mary.

By assuming that Jane follows the four conversational maxims, John is likely to infer that Diane didn’t attend the party. In this way, the idea that Diane didn’t attend the party is a part of Jane’s meaning (the speaker’s meaning) of her utterance. With that, John, concludes this as Jane’s intention when she answered “James and Mary”.

Fassold, R. and Connor-Linton, J. 2006, “An Introduction to Language and Linguistics,” UK: Cambridge University Press.

In addition, speakers also violate some conversational maxims to attain a certain intention, so they rely on the hearers to recognize apparent violation of the principles. Therefore, it is the hearers’ job to recognize and to make sense of it. For example,

  • A: John is handsome, isn’t he?

B: He is intelligent.

A asked a question which is answerable by either a yes or a no, but B answered differently. Here, it is evident that B violated the maxim of relevance, but  A can imply that B doesn’t agree with his statement. In that view, B’s intention of his utterance was recognized by A, his hearer. Although it is not directly stated what B means, A performed a contextual adjustment to derive an implicature. That is, B isn’t in agreement with the idea that John is handsome.

To sum up, the creation of meaning and making sense of what is said does not just rely on the semantic interpretation but also on the pragmatic interpretation and speakers and hearers are the ones responsible in achieving these interpretations.


WVSU-CAS Graduate School

Master of Arts in English & Literature